What Are The Differences of the Three Types of Solvents Used in Industries?
When it comes to industrial cleaning products, there are so many different varieties you can choose from and each one of them has its own unique purpose or use. One of the most commonly used is solvents. Well, even cleaning solvents are classified into different kinds or types. These are oxygenated, hydrocarbon, and halogenated solvents. Now if you’re responsible for purchasing the right industrial cleaning solvent, it is important that you first learn what the attributes and features of each solvent are.
1 – Oxygenated Solvent
This specific type of solvent is produced by distilling components from chemicals. The objective is to come up with the ideal balance and consistency of ingredients for making the best product. Perhaps the most important attribute of oxygenated solvent is its superbly high rate of purity as a result of a careful and advanced refinement process. In many cases, even the smallest presence of particulate matter and excess water are removed at the last stages of producing this solvent. Some of the most common industrial cleaning supplies such as alcohol, ketones, and glycol ethers belong to this category.
2 – Hydrocarbon Type of Solvents
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The next type of industrial solvent called hydrocarbon solvents contain what their names say, which is special hydrocarbons. Due to the natural composition of this solvent, it has become the ideal choice for a wide range of cleaning needs. This solvent is also a little more complex to produce compared to oxygenated solvents. The complexity of this solvent is relatively obvious in certain characteristics, including flashpoint, color, aromatic quality, and solute composition. So far, the most renowned examples of hydrocarbon solvents are petroleum ether, benzene, and turpentine. But then again, you have to be particularly cautious about using hydrocarbon solvents for industrial cleaning since some types can emit hazardous air pollutants.
3 – Halogenated
While halogenated solvents are still classified as hydrocarbon, they’re difference in a way that they have been subjected to chlorinating process. In terms of aroma, it’s easy to distinguish solvents considered as halogenated because they are more pungent. This kind of solvent is highly effective, too, putting it in the same league as the previous two we discussed. The most common examples are chlorobenzene, dichloromethane, and trichloroethylene. But then again, the fact that halogenated solvents are still hydrocarbon, it means they potentially could emit HAPs.
At the day’s end, the type of industrial solvent you decide to use basically depends on the kind of industry you belong. Furthermore, you want to also specifically determine your cleaning needs to know which industrial solvent is best for it. But always remember to stick with those that don’t have an infamous history of being harmful and dangerous to the environment.